Pahnke, Emily Cox, Riitta Katila, and Kathleen M Eisenhardt.2015. “Who takes you to the dance? How partners’ institutional logics influence innovation in young firms.” Administrative Science Quarterly 60(4):596-633.
Nanotech started out as a word with a clear symbolic vision and few adherents. Money was added, and it became unclear and populated with many newcomers, members of peripheral communities. This makes sense. The next step is the surprise, because everyone in the field started looking around and seeing a need to sort things out. The founders and funders of the vision stayed, and the newcomers started leaving. That’s how nanotech shrank, and it could well be how many other fields expand and contract over time.
So, prizes can give status to the less established, lifting them up. More often, what prizes do is to settle who among the established are most important, bringing one up and pushing the rest down. Anyone working in an area in which prizes are given—and pretty much any occupation or industry that involves design has prizes—will appreciate this research, because it confirms a basic intuition. You should hope to get the prize and fear that the prize is given to someone like yourself.
The second of these effects should give you pause. Financial markets are supposed to be smart and to be able to predict the average outcome of many future events. But the loss of market power when an analyst loses the All-Star distinction because of a category change suggests that the markets are forgetting what they knew. The quality of an analyst doesn’t suddenly change, so if the market power changes, we know that the market has forgotten the quality. This is not good news for those of us who let institutional investors such as mutual funds or pension funds hold our pension investments.